AJAX - The XMLHttpRequest Object
AJAX - More About the XMLHttpRequest Object
Before sending data to the server, we have to explain three important
properties of the XMLHttpRequest object.
The onreadystatechange Property
After a request to the server, we need a function that can receive the data
that is returned by the server.
The onreadystatechange property stores your function that will process the
response from a server. This is not a method, the function is stored in the
property to be called automatically. The following code sets the
onreadystatechange property and stores an empty function inside it:
// We are going to write some code here
The readyState Property
The readyState property holds the status of the server's response. Each time the readyState changes,
the onreadystatechange function will be executed.
Here are the possible values for the readyState property:
|0||The request is not initialized|
|1||The request has been set up|
|2||The request has been sent|
|3||The request is in process|
|4||The request is complete|
We are going to add an If statement to the onreadystatechange function to test if
our response is complete (this means that we can get our data):
// Get the data from the server's response
The responseText Property
The data sent back from the server can be retrieved with the responseText property.
In our code, we will set the value of our "time" input field
equal to responseText:
The next chapter shows how to ask the server for some data!
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