With frames, you can display more than one Web page in the same
This example demonstrates how to make a vertical frameset with three different
This example demonstrates how to make a horizontal frameset with three different
(You can find more examples at the bottom of this page)
With frames, you can display more than one HTML document in the same browser
window. Each HTML document is called a frame, and each frame is independent of
The disadvantages of using frames are:
- The web developer must keep track of more HTML documents
- It is difficult to print the entire page
The Frameset Tag
- The <frameset> tag defines how to divide the window into frames
- Each frameset defines a set of rows or columns
- The values of the rows/columns indicate the amount of screen area each row/column will
The Frame Tag
- The <frame> tag defines what HTML document to put into each frame
In the example below we have a frameset with two columns. The first column is
set to 25% of the width of the browser window. The second column is set to 75%
of the width of the browser window. The HTML document "frame_a.htm" is
put into the first column, and the HTML document "frame_b.htm" is put
into the second column:
Note: The frameset column size value can also be set in pixels
(cols="200,500"), and one of the columns can be set to use the remaining space
Basic Notes - Useful Tips
If a frame has visible borders, the user can resize it by dragging
the border. To prevent a user from doing this, you can add noresize="noresize" to
the <frame> tag.
Add the <noframes> tag for browsers that do not
Important: You cannot use the <body></body> tags together with the
<frameset></frameset> tags! However, if you add a <noframes> tag containing some
text for browsers that do not support frames, you will have to enclose the text
in <body></body> tags! See how it is done in the first example below.
How to use the <noframes> tag
This example demonstrates how to use the <noframes> tag.
This example demonstrates how to make a frameset with three documents, and
how to mix them in rows and columns.
Frameset with noresize="noresize"
This example demonstrates the noresize attribute. The frames are not resizable.
Move the mouse over the borders between the frames and notice that you can not
move the borders.
This example demonstrates how to make a navigation frame. The navigation frame contains a
list of links with the second frame as the target. The file called "tryhtml_contents.htm"
contains three links. The source code of the links:
<a href ="frame_a.htm" target ="showframe">Frame a</a><br>
<a href ="frame_b.htm" target ="showframe">Frame b</a><br>
<a href ="frame_c.htm" target ="showframe">Frame c</a>
The second frame will show the linked document.
This example demonstrates how to create an inline frame (a frame inside an HTML
Jump to a specified section
within a frame
This example demonstrates two frames. One of the frames has a source to a
specified section in a file. The specified section is made with <a
name="C10"> in the "link.htm" file.
Jump to a specified
section with frame navigation
This example demonstrates two frames. The navigation frame (content.htm) to the left contains a
list of links with the second frame (link.htm) as a target. The second frame shows
the linked document. One of the links in the navigation frame is linked to a
specified section in the target file. The HTML code in the file "content.htm"
looks like this: <a href ="link.htm" target ="showframe">Link without Anchor</a><br><a href
="link.htm#C10" target ="showframe">Link with Anchor</a>.
|| Defines a set of frames
|| Defines a sub window (a frame)
||Defines a noframe section for browsers that do not handle frames
||Defines an inline sub window (frame)
Learn XML with <oXygen/> XML Editor - Free Trial!
oXygen helps you learn to define,
edit, validate and transform XML documents. Supported technologies include XML Schema,
DTD, Relax NG, XSLT, XPath, XQuery, CSS.
Understand in no time how XSLT and XQuery work by using the intuitive oXygen debugger!
Do you have any XML related questions? Get free answers from the oXygen
and from the video
Download a FREE 30-day trial today!