functions. For example, we can use the onClick event of a button element to
indicate that a function will run when a user clicks on the button. We define
the events in the HTML tags.
Examples of events:
- A mouse click
- A web page or an image loading
- Mousing over a hot spot on the web page
- Selecting an input box in an HTML form
- Submitting an HTML form
- A keystroke
Note: Events are normally used in combination with functions, and the function
will not be executed before the event occurs!
complete Event reference.
onload and onUnload
The onload and onUnload events are triggered when the user enters or leaves
The onload event is often used to check the visitor's browser type and
browser version, and load the proper version of the web page based on the
Both the onload and onUnload events are also often used to deal with cookies
that should be set when a user enters or leaves a page. For example, you could have a popup asking
for the user's name upon
his first arrival to your page. The name is then stored in a cookie. Next time the visitor arrives at your page,
you could have another popup saying something like: "Welcome John Doe!".
onFocus, onBlur and onChange
The onFocus, onBlur and onChange events are often used in combination with validation
of form fields.
Below is an example of how to use the onChange event. The checkEmail()
function will be called whenever the user changes the content of the field:
<input type="text" size="30"
The onSubmit event is used to validate ALL form fields
before submitting it.
Below is an example of how to use the onSubmit event. The checkForm()
function will be called when the user clicks the submit button in the form. If the
field values are not accepted, the submit should be
cancelled. The function checkForm() returns either true or false. If it returns true the
form will be submitted, otherwise the submit will be cancelled:
<form method="post" action="xxx.htm"
onMouseOver and onMouseOut
onMouseOver and onMouseOut are often used to create
Below is an example of an onMouseOver event. An alert box appears when an onMouseOver
event is detected:
onmouseover="alert('An onMouseOver event');return false">
<img src="w3schools.gif" width="100" height="30">
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