Introduction to W3C
W3C was started in 1994 to lead the Web to its full potential
by developing common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its
What it Is
- W3C Stands for the World Wide Web Consortium
- W3C was created in October 1994
- W3C was created by Tim Berners-Lee
- W3C was created by the Inventor of the Web
- W3C is organized as a Member Organization
- W3C is working to Standardize the Web
- W3C creates and maintains WWW Standards
- W3C Standards are called W3C Recommendations
How it Started
The World Wide Web (WWW) began as a project at the European
Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), where Tim Berners-Lee developed a
vision of the World Wide Web.
Tim Berners-Lee - the inventor of the World Wide Web - is now the Director of
the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
W3C was created in 1994 as a collaboration
between the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the European
Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), with support from the U.S. Defense Advanced
Research Project Agency (DARPA) and the European Commission.
Standardizing the Web
W3C is working to make the Web accessible to all users (despite differences
in culture, education, ability, resources, and physical limitations)
W3C also coordinates its work with many other standards organizations such as the Internet Engineering Task Force, the Wireless Application Protocols
(WAP) Forum and the Unicode Consortium.
W3C is hosted by three universities:
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the U.S.
- The French National Research Institute in Europe
- Keio University in Japan
Because the Web is so important (both in scope and in investment) that no
single organization should have control over its future, W3C functions as a
Some well known members are:
List of Member Organisations includes a variety of software vendors, content providers, corporate users, telecommunications
companies, academic institutions, research laboratories, standards bodies, and governments.
The most important work done by the W3C is the development of Web
specifications (called "Recommendations") that describe communication
protocols (like HTML and XML) and other building blocks of the Web.
Each W3C Recommendation is developed by a work group consisting of members and invited experts.
The group obtains its input from companies and other organizations, and creates
a Working Draft and finally a Proposed Recommendation. In general the
Recommendation is submitted to the W3C membership and director,
for a formal approval as a W3C Recommendation.
The specification approval process is described in the next chapter.
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