HTML <frame> tag
A simple three-framed page:
<frame src="frame_a.htm" />
<frame src="frame_b.htm" />
<frame src="frame_c.htm" />
Try it yourself! (more examples at the bottom of this page)
Definition and Usage
The <frame> tag defines one particular window (frame) within a frameset.
Each frame in a frameset can have different attributes, such as border,
scrolling, the ability to resize, etc.
The <frame> tag is supported in all major browsers.
Differences Between HTML and XHTML
In HTML the <frame> tag has no end tag.
In XHTML the <frame> tag must be properly closed.
Tips and Notes
Note: If you want to validate a page containing frames, be sure the
is set to "Frameset DTD". Read more about
Important: You cannot use the body element together with the
frameset element. However, if you add a <noframes> tag containing some
text for browsers that do not support frames, you will have to enclose the text
in a body element.
DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is
allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.
|Specifies whether or not to display border around the frame
||A URL to a long description of the frame contents. Use it for browsers that do
not support frames
||Defines the top and bottom margins in the frame
||Defines the left and right margins in the frame
||Defines a unique name for the frame (to use in scripts)
||When set to noresize the user cannot resize the frame
|Determines scrollbar action
||Defines the URL of the file to show in the frame
Only allowed in XHTML 1.0 Frameset DTD!!
For a full description, go to Standard
How to make a horizontal frameset with three different documents.
How to make a frameset with three documents, and how to mix them in rows and
How to use the <noframes> tag
How to use the <noframes> tag.
How to use the "noresize" attribute. The frames are not resizable. Move the
mouse over the borders between the frames and notice that you can not move the
How to make a navigation frame. The navigation frame contains a list of links
with the second frame as the target. The file called "tryhtml_contents.htm"
contains three links. The source code of the links:
<a href ="frame_a.htm" target ="showframe">Frame a</a><br>
<a href ="frame_b.htm" target ="showframe">Frame b</a><br>
<a href ="frame_c.htm" target ="showframe">Frame c</a>
The second frame will show the linked document.
Jump to a
specified section within a frame
This example demonstrates two frames. One of the frames has a source to a
specified section in a file. The specified section is made with <a name="C10">
in the "link.htm" file.
to a specified section with frame navigation
This example demonstrates two frames. The navigation frame (content.htm) to the
left contains a list of links with the second frame (link.htm) as a target. The
second frame shows the linked document. One of the links in the navigation frame
is linked to a specified section in the target file. The HTML code in the file "content.htm"
looks like this: <a href ="link.htm" target ="showframe">Link without
Anchor</a><br><a href ="link.htm#C10" target ="showframe">Link with Anchor</a>.
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