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HTML <td> tag


A simple HTML table, containing two columns and two rows:

<table border="1">

Try it yourself!  (more examples at the bottom of this page)

Definition and Usage

The <td> tag defines a standard cell in an HTML table.

An HTML table has two kinds of cells:

  • Header cells - contains header information (created with the th element)
  • Standard cells - contains data (created with the td element)

The text in a th element is bold and centered.

The text in a td element is regular and left-aligned.

Browser Support

Internet Explorer Firefox Opera Google Chrome Safari

The <td> tag is supported in all major browsers.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The "bgcolor", "height", "width", and "nowrap" attributes of the td element were deprecated in HTML 4.01, and are not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use the colspan and rowspan attributes to let the content span over multiple columns or rows!

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute Value Description DTD
abbr text Specifies an abbreviated version of the content in a cell STF
align left
Aligns the content in a cell STF
axis category_name Categorizes cells STF
bgcolor rgb(x,x,x)
Deprecated. Use styles instead.
Specifies a background color for a cell
char character Aligns the content in a cell to a character STF
charoff pixels
Sets the number of characters the content will be aligned from the character specified by the char attribute STF
colspan number Sets the number of columns a cell should span STF
headers headercells'_id Specifies the table headers related to a cell STF
height pixels
Deprecated. Use styles instead.
Sets the height of a cell
nowrap nowrap Deprecated. Use styles instead.
Specifies that the content inside a cell should not wrap
rowspan number Sets the number of rows a cell should span STF
scope col
Defines a way to associate header cells and data cells in a table STF
valign top
Vertical aligns the content in a cell STF
width pixels
Deprecated. Use styles instead.
Specifies the width of a cell

Standard Attributes

id, class, title, style, dir, lang, xml:lang

For a full description, go to Standard Attributes.

Event Attributes

onclick, ondblclick, onmousedown, onmouseup, onmouseover, onmousemove, onmouseout, onkeypress, onkeydown, onkeyup

For a full description, go to Event Attributes.

Try-It-Yourself Demos

How to create simple HTML tables.

Table borders
HTML tables with different borders.

Table headers
How to create table headers.

Empty cells
How to use "&nbsp;" to handle cells that have no content.

Table cells that span more than one row/column
How to define table cells that span more than one row or one column.

Tags inside a table
How to display elements inside other elements.

Add a background color and a background image to a table cell
How to add a background to a table cell.

Align the content in a table cell
How to use the "align" attribute to align the content of cells.

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