Multimedia Video Formats
Video can be stored in many different formats.
The AVI Format
The AVI (Audio Video Interleave) format was developed by Microsoft.
The AVI format is supported by all computers running Windows, and by all the
most popular web browsers. It is a very common format on the Internet, but not
always possible to play on non-Windows computers.
Videos stored in the AVI format have the extension .avi.
The Windows Media Format
The Windows Media format is developed by Microsoft.
Windows Media is a common format on the Internet, but Windows Media movies
cannot be played on non-Windows computer without an extra (free) component
installed. Some later Windows Media movies cannot play at all on non-Windows
computers because no player is available.
Videos stored in the Windows Media format have the extension .wmv.
The MPEG Format
The MPEG (Moving Pictures Expert Group) format is the most popular format on
the Internet. It is cross-platform, and supported by all the most popular
Videos stored in the MPEG format have the extension .mpg or .mpeg.
The QuickTime Format
The QuickTime format is developed by Apple.
QuickTime is a common format on the Internet, but QuickTime movies cannot be
played on a Windows computer without an extra (free) component installed.
Videos stored in the QuickTime format have the extension .mov.
The RealVideo Format
The RealVideo format was developed for the Internet by Real Media.
The format allows streaming of video (on-line video, Internet TV) with low
bandwidths. Because of the low bandwidth priority, quality is often reduced.
Videos stored in the RealVideo format have the extension .rm or .ram.
The Shockwave (Flash) Format
The Shockwave format was developed by Macromedia.
The Shockwave format requires an extra component to play. This component
comes preinstalled with the latest versions of Netscape and Internet Explorer.
Videos stored in the Shockwave format have the extension .swf.
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