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HTML5 Tags
<h1> - <h6>

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HTML 5 <input> tag

Definition and Usage

The <input> tag defines the start of an input field where the user can enter data.

Differences Between HTML 4.01 and HTML 5

HTML 5 has many new attributes, and some HTML 4.01 attributes are no longer supported.

In HTML 5 the type attribute has a lot of new values.

Tips and Notes

Note: The input element is empty, it contains attributes only.

Tip: Use the label element to define a label to a form control.


Source Output
<form action="form_action.asp"

First name:
<input type="text" name="fname" value="Mickey" />
<br />
Last name:
<input type="text" name="lname" value="Mouse" />
<br />
<input type="submit" value="Submit" />


If you click the "Submit" button, you will send your input to a new page called form_action.asp.

First name:
Last name:

If you click the "Submit" button, you will send your input to a new page called form_action.asp.


  • 4: indicates if the attribute is defined in HTML 4.01
  • 5: indicates if the attribute is defined in HTML 5
Attribute Value Description 4 5
accept list_of_mime_types A comma-separated list of MIME types that indicates the MIME type of the file transfer.

Note: Only used with type="file"

4 5
align left
Defines the alignment of text following the image. Not Supported. Use CSS instead 4  
alt text Defines an alternate text for the image.

Note: Only used with type="image"

4 5
autocomplete       5
autofocus true
Makes the input field focused on page load

Note: Cannot be used with type="hidden"

checked true
Indicates that the input element should be checked when it first loads.

Note: Used with type="checkbox" and type="radio"

4 5
disabled true
Disables the input element when it first loads so that the user can not write text in it, or select it.

Note: Cannot be used with type="hidden"

4 5
form true
Defines one ore more forms the input field belongs to.   5
inputmode inputmode Defines what kind of input to expect   5
list id of a datalist Reference to a datalist element. If defined, a drop down list can be used to insert value to an input field   5
max number The input field's maximum value   5
maxlength number Defines the maximum number of characters allowed in a text field. 4 5
min number The input field's minimum value   5
name field_name Defines a unique name for the input element. 4 5
pattern       5
readonly     readonly Indicates that the value of this field cannot be modified. 4 5
replace text Defines what to to with the input field when the form has been submitted   5
required true
Defines if the input field's value is required in order to submit the form

Note: Cannot be used with type: hidden, image, button, submit, reset

size number_of_char Defines the size of the input element. No longer supported. 4  
src URL Defines the URL of the image to display.

Note: Only used with type="image"

4 5
step       5
template template Defines one or more templates   5
type button

Indicates the type of the input element. The default value is "text"

Note: This is not a required attribute, but we think you should include it.

4 5
value value For buttons, reset buttons and submit buttons: Defines the text on the button.

For image buttons: Defines the symbolic result of the field passed to a script.

For checkboxes and radio buttons: Defines the result of the input element when clicked. The result is sent to the form's action URL.

For hidden, password, and text fields: Defines the default value of the element.

Note: Cannot be used with type="file"

Note: This attribute is required with type="checkbox" and type="radio"

4 5

Standard Attributes

class, contenteditable, contextmenu, dir, draggable, id, irrelevant, lang, ref, registrationmark, tabindex, template, title

For a full description, go to Standard Attributes in HTML 5.

Event Attributes

onabort, onbeforeunload, onblur, onchange, onclick, oncontextmenu, ondblclick, ondrag, ondragend, ondragenter, ondragleave, ondragover, ondragstart, ondrop, onerror, onfocus, onkeydown, onkeypress, onkeyup, onload, onmessage, onmousedown, onmousemove, onmouseover, onmouseout, onmouseup, onmousewheel, onresize, onscroll, onselect, onsubmit, onunload

For a full description, go to Event Attributes in HTML 5.

Try-It-Yourself Demos

Text fields
How to create text fields on an HTML page. A user can write text in a text field.

Password fields
How to create a password field on an HTML page.

How to create check-boxes on an HTML page. A user can select or unselect a checkbox.

How to create radio-buttons on an HTML page.

Create a button
How to create a button. On the button you can define your own text.

Form with input fields and a submit button
How to add a form to a page. The form contains two input fields and a submit button.

Form with checkboxes
This form contains two checkboxes, and a submit button.

Form with radiobuttons
This form contains two radio buttons, and a submit button.

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